3 Primary Types of Pine Trees in Connecticut


Although Connecticut is a small state, more than 60% of it is covered with trees. Native trees in Connecticut include all types of trees, and over half of them are in the oak-hickory hardwood category. The next most-common tree is the northern hardwood type, while others include ash, elm, red maple, and of course, pine trees.

Pine trees are large evergreens that typically get up to 150-feet high and which have needle-like leaves. The needles usually grow in groups of two to five, although some can grow in groups of six or seven.

The trees live anywhere between 100 and 1,000 years, and their seeds are frequently used as both a food source and for medicinal purposes, the latter being a very common use for thousands of years.

The wood of the pine tree is very hard, which makes it great for using in construction projects, furniture, and even flooring. While some pine trees have trunks that are misshapen, most of their trunks enable them to be useful in hundreds of projects. Below are the different types of pine trees in the state of Connecticut.

1. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.)

Pinus strobus Eastern White Pine in Dawes Arboretum
James St. John Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine) in Dawes Arboretum

The Eastern white pine is part of the white pine group and has needles that produce new growth in the summer and seed cones that are long and slender. Some Eastern white pines have grown to around 230 feet, but this is a rarity because most are below 180 feet. Still, this is a very tall tree that presents an elegant display once it is fully grown.

Some of the uses for this type of pine include lumber for construction projects, furniture, and more, as well as building barns, ships, and even some types of artwork, making it a truly versatile type of pine wood.

2. Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida Miller)

Famartin | wikimedia Pitch Pine – Pinus Rigida

The pitch pine is a small to medium-sized tree that gets from 20 to nearly 100 feet in height, and they are quite common in the northeastern section of the United States. The tree is unique because it has twisted branches and has an irregular shape. The needles consist of bundles of three, and the tree grows very fast in the first few years of life.

Because the trunk of this tree is often crooked and oddly shaped, it is not used in most manufacturing or construction projects, although it can be used to build ships and even railroad ties, among other things.

The pitch pine is one of the most common types of pine in the US, and is commonly found in states such as Oregon, Texas, Colorado, Michigan, Florida, Arizona, Georgia, Pennsylvania and Illinois.

3. Red Pine (Pinus resinosa Aiton)

Public Domain Red Pine – Pinus Resinosa

Red pine trees grow up to roughly 120-feet tall, although some can get up to 140-feet instead. The bark is unusual because it changes colors depending on where it is located, with the bark close to the base of the tree being a grayish-brown color and turning a bright orange-red color once it gets to the center. 

This is a tall, straight, regal-looking tree that stands out among the others. Its needles develop in groups of two and are a yellowish-green color. It is also called a Norway pine tree, even though it is native to North America.